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Title:Comprendre la nature humaine (SCIENCE HUM)
Format Type:Ebook
Author:Steven Pinker, Marie-France Desjeux
ISBN 13:
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Category:Science, Psychology, Non fiction, Philosophy, Evolution, Biology

Comprendre la nature humaine (SCIENCE HUM) by Steven Pinker, Marie-France Desjeux

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Comprendre la nature humaine (SCIENCE HUM) L id e que chacun de nous se fait de la nature humaine affecte toute notre vie de la mani re dont nous levons nos enfants nos positions politiques Les sciences permettent aujourd hui de mieux la comprendre de mieux cerner les structures inn es qui r gissent nos pens es et nos sentiments Et pourtant beaucoup redoutent que ces d couvertes ne viennent justifier les in galit s sociales emp cher le progr s ruiner la notion m me de libert et de responsabilit S appuyant sur les donn es scientifiques les plus r centes Steven Pinker d nonce les dogmes qui obscurcissent la vision de ce que nous sommes Malgr sa popularit aupr s de nombreux intellectuels au cours du XXe si cle l id e que tout en nous est acquis a peut tre fait plus de mal que de bien Apr s tout elle nie notre commune humanit et nous gare en mati re d ducation ou de politique Non l id e de nature humaine n est pas dangereuse Steven Pinker est professeur de psychologie l Universit Harvard Ses recherches sur la cognition et la psychologie du langage lui ont valu plusieurs prix notamment de l Acad mie des sciences am ricaine Il est diteur associ de la prestigieuse revue Cognition et a publi deux ouvrages d sormais consid r s comme des classiques L Instinct du langage et Comment fonctionne l esprit

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature

In The Blank Slate Steven Pinker explores the idea of human nature and its moral emotional and political colorings He shows how many intellectuals have denied the existence of human nature by embracing three linked dogmas the Blank Slate the mind has no innate traits the Noble Savage people are born good and corrupted by society and the Ghost in the Machine each of us has a soul that makes choices free from biology Each dogma carries a moral burden so their defenders have engaged in desperate tactics to discredit the scientists who are now challenging them br br Pinker injects calm and rationality into these debates by showing that equality progress responsibility and purpose have nothing to fear from discoveries about a rich human nature He disarms even the most menacing threats with clear thinking common sense and pertinent facts from science and history Despite its popularity among intellectuals during much of the twentieth century he argues the doctrine of the Blank Slate may have done more harm than good It denies our common humanity and our individual preferences replaces hardheaded analyses of social problems with feel good slogans and distorts our understanding of government violence parenting and the arts br br Pinker shows that an acknowledgement of human nature that is grounded in science and common sense far from being dangerous can complement insights about the human condition made by millennia of artists and philosophers All this is done in the style that earned his previous books many prizes and worldwide acclaim wit lucidity and insight into matters great and small

How the Mind Works

In this extraordinary bestseller Steven Pinker one of the world s leading cognitive scientists does for the rest of the mind what he did for language in his book em The Language Instinct em He explains what the mind is how it evolved and how it allows us to see think feel laugh interact enjoy the arts and ponder the mysteries of life And he does it with the wit that prompted Mark Ridley to write in the em New York Times Book Review em No other science writer makes me laugh so much Pinker deserves the superlatives that are lavished on him The arguments in the book are as bold as its title Pinker rehabilitates some unfashionable ideas such as that the mind is a computer and that human nature was shaped by natural selection and challenges fashionable ones such as that passionate emotions are irrational that parents socialize their children and that nature is good and modern society corrupting Winner of the em Los Angeles Times Book Prize em A em New York Times em Notable Book of the Year and em Publishers Weekly em Best Book of Featured in em Time em magazine the em New York Times Magazine em em The New Yorker em em Nature em Science em Lingua Franca em and em Science Times em Front page reviews in the em Washington Post Book World em the em Boston Globe Book Section em and the em San Diego Union Book Review em

The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language

strong The classic book on the development of human language by the world s leading expert on language and the mind strong br br In this classic the world s expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language how it works how children learn it how it changes how the brain computes it and how it evolved With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay Steven Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story language is a human instinct wired into our brains by evolution em The Language Instinct em received the William James Book Prize from the American Psychological Association and the Public Interest Award from the Linguistics Society of America This edition includes an update on advances in the science of language since em The Language Instinct em was first published

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

b Selected by i The New York Times Book Review i as a Notable Book of the Year b b The author of i The New York Times i bestseller i The Stuff of Thought i offers a controversial history of violence b br br Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war crime and terrorism one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work just the opposite is true violence has been diminishing for millennia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species s existence For most of history war slavery infanticide child abuse assassinations pogroms gruesome punishments deadly quarrels and genocide were ordinary features of life But today Pinker shows with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned How has this happened br br This groundbreaking book continues Pinker s exploration of the essence of human nature mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world The key he explains is to understand our intrinsic motives the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail Exploding fatalist myths about humankind s inherent violence and the curse of modernity this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike and will challenge and change the way we think about our society

The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature

i New York Times i bestselling author Steven Pinker possesses that rare combination of scientific aptitude and verbal eloquence that enables him to provide lucid explanations of deep and powerful ideas His previous books including the Pulitzer Prize finalist i The Blank Slate i have catapulted him into the limelight as one of today s most important and popular science writers br br Now in i The Stuff of Thought i Pinker marries two of the subjects he knows best language and human nature The result is a fascinating look at how our words explain our nature What does swearing reveal about our emotions Why does innuendo disclose something about relationships Pinker reveals how our use of prepositions and tenses taps into peculiarly human concepts of space and time and how our nouns and verbs speak to our notions of matter Even the names we give our babies have important things to say about our relations to our children and to society br br With his signature wit and style Pinker takes on scientific questions like whether language affects thought as well as forays into everyday life why is bulk e mail called spam and how do romantic comedies get such mileage out of the ambiguities of dating i The Stuff of Thought i is a brilliantly crafted and highly readable work that will appeal to fans of readers of everything from i The Selfish Gene i and i Blink i to i Eats Shoots amp Leaves i

The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person's Guide to Writing in the 21st Century

Why is so much writing so bad and how can we make it better Is the English language being corrupted by texting and social media Do the kids today even care about good writing Why should any of us care br br In i The Sense of Style i the bestselling linguist and cognitive scientist Steven Pinker answers these questions and more Rethinking the usage guide for the twenty first century Pinker doesn t carp about the decline of language or recycle pet peeves from the rulebooks of a century ago Instead he applies insights from the sciences of language and mind to the challenge of crafting clear coherent and stylish prose br br In this short cheerful and eminently practical book Pinker shows how writing depends on imagination empathy coherence grammatical know how and an ability to savor and reverse engineer the good prose of others He replaces dogma about usage with reason and evidence allowing writers and editors to apply the guidelines judiciously rather than robotically being mindful of what they are designed to accomplish br br Filled with examples of great and gruesome prose Pinker shows us how the art of writing can be a form of pleasurable mastery and a fascinating intellectual topic in its own right

Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language

In Words and Rules Steven Pinker explains the mysteries of language by examining a single construction from a dozen viewpoints proposing that the essence of language is a mental dictionary of memorized words and a mental grammar of creative rules

The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2004

Since its inception in the Best American series has become the premier annual showcase for the country s finest short fiction and nonfiction For each volume a series editor reads pieces from hundreds of periodicals then selects between fifty and a hundred outstanding works That selection is pared down to the twenty or so very best pieces by a guest editor who is widely recognized as a leading writer in his or her field This unique system has helped make the Best American series the most respected and most popular of its kind br The Best American Science and Nature Writing edited by Steven Pinker is another provocative and thoroughly enjoyable collection from start to finish Publishers Weekly Here is the best and newest on science and nature the psychology of suicide terrorism desperate measures in surgery the weird world of octopuses Sex Week at Yale the linguistics of click languages the worst news about cloning and much more

The Seven Words You Can't Say on Television

Why are some words rude and others aren t Why can launching into expletives be so shocking and sometimes so amusing br br In this hilarious extract from his bestselling The Stuff of Thought Steven Pinker takes us on a fascinating journey through the world of profanities to show us why we swear how taboos change and how we use obscenities in different ways Why do so many swear words involve sex bodily functions and religion What are the biological roots of swearing Why would a democracy deter the use of words for two activities sex and excretion that harm no one and are inescapable parts of the human condition Taboo language enters into a startling array of human concerns from capital crimes in the Bible to the future of electronic media You ll discover that in Quebecois French the expression Tabernacle is outrageous that scumbag has a very unsavoury origin and that in a certain Aboriginal language every word is filthy when spoken in front of your mother in law br br Covering everything from free speech to Tourette s from pottymouthed celebrities to poetry this book reveals what swearing tells us about how our minds work It s also a bloody good read

Do Humankind's Best Days Lie Ahead?: The Munk Debates

Progress It is one of the animating concepts of the modern era From the Enlightenment onwards the West has had an enduring belief that through the evolution of institutions innovations and ideas the human condition is improving This process is supposedly accelerating as new technologies individual freedoms and the spread of global norms empower individuals and societies around the world But is progress inevitable Its critics argue that human civilization has become different not better over the last two and a half centuries What is seen as a breakthrough or innovation in one period becomes a setback or limitation in another In short progress is an ideology not a fact a way of thinking about the world as opposed to a description of reality br br In the seventeenth semi annual Munk Debates which was held in Toronto on November pioneering cognitive scientist Steven Pinker and best selling author Matt Ridley squared off against noted philosopher Alain de Botton and best selling author Malcolm Gladwell to debate whether humankind s best days lie ahead

The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature, The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person's Guide to Writing in the 21st Century, Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language, How the Mind Works, The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined, The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language, The Seven Words You Can't Say on Television, The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2004, Do Humankind's Best Days Lie Ahead?: The Munk Debates, The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature