The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

In i The Elementary Forms of Religious Life i Emile Durkheim sets himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity He investigates what he considered to be the simplest form of documented religion totemism among the Aborigines of Australia For Durkheim studying Aboriginal religion was a way to yield an understanding of the religious nature of man by showing us an essential and permanent aspect of humanity The need and capacity of men and women to relate to one another socially lies at the heart of Durkheim s exploration in which religion embodies the beliefs that shape our moral universe br br i The Elementary Forms i has been applauded and debated by sociologists anthropologists ethnographers philosophers and theologians and continues to speak to new generations about the intriguing origin and nature of religion and society This new lightly abridged edition provides an excellent introduction to Durkheim s ideas

On Suicide: A Study in Sociology

A classic book about the phenomenon of suicide and its social causes written by one of the world s most influential sociologists br br Emile Durkheim s i Suicide i addresses the phenomenon of suicide and its social causes Written by one of the world s most influential sociologists this classic argues that suicide primarily results from a lack of integration of the individual into society i Suicide i provides readers with an understanding of the impetus for suicide and its psychological impact on the victim family and society

The Division of Labor in Society

Originally published in and never out of print Emile Durkheim s groundbreaking work remains one of the cornerstone texts of the sociological canon now updated and re translated in this new edition As the Industrial Revolution was changing the landscape of society Durkheim presented a new vision of the social structures at the root of capitalism and the issues he grappled with still resound today If pre industrial societies were held together by common values sentiments and norms equally shared by all what holds modern societies with their complex division of labor and non cohesive social structure together What did this new social order mean for the autonomy of the individual Durkheim argued that class conflict is not inherent in a capitalist society as Marx contended but that the unfettered growth of state power would lead to the extinction of individuality Only in a free society that promotes voluntary bonds between its members Durkheim suggested can individuality prosper br br In this new edition the first since world renowned Durkheim scholar Steven Lukes revisits and revises the original translation to enhance clarity accuracy and fluency for the contemporary reader Lukes also highlights Durkheim s arguments by putting them into historical context with a timeline of important information For students and scholars this edition of i The Division of Labor i is essential reading and key to understanding the relevance of Durkheim s ideas today

Rules of Sociological Method

First published in Emile Durkheim s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology now with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes i The Rules of the Sociological Method i is among the most important contributions to the field of sociology still debated among scholars today Through letters arguments and commentaries on significant debates Durkheim confronted critics clarified his own position and defended the objective scientific method he applied to his study of humans This updated edition offers an introduction and extra notes as well as a new translation to improve the clarity and accessibility of this essential work br br br br In the introduction Steven Lukes author of the definitive biography i Emile Durkheim His Life and Work i spells out Durkheim s intentions shows the limits of Durkheim s view of sociology and presents its political background and significance Making use of the various texts in this volume and Durkheim s later work Lukes discusses how Durkheim s methodology was modified or disregarded in practice and how it is still relevant today br br br br With substantial notes on context this user friendly edition will greatly ease the task of students and scholars working with Durkheim s method a view that has been a focal point of sociology since its original publication i The Rules of the Sociological Method i will engage a new generation of readers with Durkheim s rich contribution to the field

Emile Durkheim on Morality and Society

Emile Durkheim is best known in this country as a great sociologist and methodologist Yet it was Durkheim s reflections on morality and society that spoke most deeply of his vital concerns In his informative introduction to this work Robert N Bellah describes Durkheim as moralist philosopher theologian and prophet as well as sociologist and the selections in this volume are representative of these aspects of Durkheim s many faceted scholarship br br The first two selections of the volume set the context for the development of Durkheim s sociology of morality Section I The French Tradition of Social Thought gives Durkheim s picture of how his sociology is to be situated relative to the general French tradition Section II Sociology and Social Action shows Durkheim grappling with moral and political issues in his society and indicates the immediate social context of his thinking br br The remaining selections indicate some of the major substantive areas of Durkheim s sociology of morality Section III taken from i The Division of Labor in Society i demonstrates his basically evolutionary approach to the development of moral norms in society Section IV The Learning of Morality gives examples of Durkheim s work on socialization Section V Social Creativity deals with the important question of how new moral norms arise in society br

Moral Education

The great French sociologist and philosopher Emile Durkheim is best known for his classic book i Suicide i a landmark in social psychology Among his other major works is this study in the sociology of education which features lectures by an influential theorist who discusses his ideas on the school as the appropriate setting for moral education The first element in developing a moral being he maintains is instilling a sense of discipline followed by a willingness to behave in terms of the group s collective interest and a sense of autonomy Durkheim also examines discipline and the psychology of the child discipline of the school and the use of punishment altruism in the child the influence of the school environment and the teaching of science aesthetics and history Perceptive and provocative this volume abounds in valuable insights for teachers and others involved in education

Selected Writings

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Primitive Classification

Emile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss maintain that society is the source of the very categories of human thought First published in the i Ann e Sociologique i in this classic essay has been translated by Rodney Needham who also provides a critical introduction br br i Primitive Classification i will impress the reader with its quiet elegance its direct logical form its clarity of style its spirit of careful yet bold exploration Harry Alpert i American Journal of Sociology i br br Particularly instructive for anyone who wonders what social anthropology is how if at all it differs from sociology and whether it has any unifying theoretical problem F K Lehman i American Sociological Review i br

Sociology and Philosophy

p First published in English in this volume represents a collection of three essays written by seminal sociologist and philsopher Emile Durkheim in which he puts forward the thesis that society is both a dynamic system and the seat of moral life Each essay stands alone but their connecting thread is the dialectic demonstration that a phenomenon be a sociological or psychological one is relatively independent of its matrix p br p The essays provide a valuable insight into Durkeheimian thought on sociological and philsophical matters and offer an excellent guide to Durkheim for students of both disciplines p

Professional Ethics and Civic Morals

Of Durkheim s key works the most neglected is em Professional Ethics and Civic Morals em This is not only careless it is also negligent for the book makes a seminal contribution to our understanding of the State Durkheim s characterization of the State as the ultimate moral force in society is an important contrast to the views outlined by both Marx and Weber br