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Title:Imperfect Garden: The Legacy of Humanism
Format Type:Ebook
Author:Tzvetan Todorov, Carol Cosman
Publisher:Princeton University Press
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:264
Category:Philosophy, Non fiction, France

Imperfect Garden: The Legacy of Humanism by Tzvetan Todorov, Carol Cosman

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Imperfect Garden: The Legacy of Humanism Available in English for the first time Imperfect Garden is both an approachable intellectual history and a bracing treatise on how we should understand and experience our lives In it one of France s most prominent intellectuals explores the foundations limits and possibilities of humanist thinking Through his critical but sympathetic excavation of humanism Tzvetan Todorov seeks an answer to modernity s fundamental challenge how to maintain our hard won liberty without paying too dearly in social ties common values and a coherent and responsible sense of self Todorov reads afresh the works of major humanists primarily Montaigne Rousseau and Constant but also Descartes Montesquieu and Toqueville Each chapter considers humanism s approach to one major theme of human existence liberty social life love self morality and expression Discussing humanism in dialogue with other systems Todorov finds a response to the predicament of modernity that is far more instructive than any offered by conservatism scientific determinism existential individualism or humanism s other contemporary competitors Humanism suggests that we are members of an intelligent and sociable species who can act according to our will while connecting the well being of other members with our own It is through this understanding of free will Todorov argues that we can use humanism to rescue universality and reconcile human liberty with solidarity and personal integrity Placing the history of ideas at the service of a quest for moral and political wisdom Todorov s compelling and no doubt controversial rethinking of humanist ideas testifies to the enduring capacity of those ideas to meditate on and if we are fortunate cultivate the imperfect garden in which we live

The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre

In The Fantastic Tzvetan Todorov seeks to examine both generic theory and a particular genre moving back and forth between a poetics of the fantastic itself and a metapoetics or theory of theorizing even as he suggest that one must as a critic move back and forth between theory and history between idea and fact His work on the fantastic is indeed about a historical phenomenon that we recognize about specific works that we may read but it is also about the use and abuse of generic theory br br As an essay in fictional poetics The Fantastic is consciously structuralist in its approach to the generic subject Todorov seeks linguistic bases for the structural features he notes in a variety of fantastic texts including Potocki s The Sargasso Manuscript Nerval s Aur lia Balzac s The Magic Skin the Arabian Nights Cazotte s Le Diable Amoureux Kafka s The Metamorphosis and tales by E T A Hoffman Charles Perrault Guy de Maupassant Nicolai Gogol and Edgar A Poe

The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other

i The Conquest of America i is a fascinating study of cultural confrontation in the New World with implications far beyond sixteenth century America The book offers an original interpretation of the Spaniards conquest colonization and destruction of pre Columbian cultures in Mexico and the Caribbean Using sixteenth century sources the distinguished French writer and critic Tzvetan Todorov examines the beliefs and behavior of the Spanish conquistadors and of the Aztecs adversaries in a clash of cultures that resulted in the near extermination of Mesoamerica s Indian population

Introduction To Poetics

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Facing The Extreme: Moral Life in the Concentration Camps

The Nazi concentration camps and the Soviet gulag provide the context for this acclaimed examination of the human capacity for moral life Drawing on a striking array of documents Tzvetan Todorov reconstructs a vivid portrait of the conduct of those who ran the camps and those who suffered their outrages Challenging the widespread view that moral life was extinguished in the extreme circumstances of the camps he uncovers instead a rich moral universe composed not of grand acts of heroism but of ordinary gestures of dignity and care compassion and solidarity br br A complex and profound study i Facing the Extreme i restores a lost dimension to this anguished history even as it offers an eloquent plea for the recognition of everyday virtues as a basis for contemporary morality

La littérature en péril

Une conception triqu e de la litt rature qui la coupe du monde dans lequel on vit s est impos e dans l enseignement dans la critique et m me chez nombre d crivains Le lecteur lui cherche dans les oeuvres de quoi donner sens son existence Et c est lui qui a raison

Mikhail Bakhtin: The Dialogical Principle

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In Defence of the Enlightenment

This brilliant and concise book from internationally renowned historian Tzvetan Todorov establishes the Enlightenment as the philosophical cornerstone of the modern world and argues that the wisdom of those times is just as relevant today Although our liberal democracies are the offspring of the Enlightenment they also illustrate the ways in which its ideas can be distorted and perverted People living in these democracies today are often baffled by a host of phenomena which they don t know how to judge globalisation and media omnipotence state sponsored torture and lies moralism and the right of intervention the domination of economics and the triumph of technology Is it possible to distinguish between the Enlightenment legitimate and illegitimate heirs We cannot learn lessons from the past unless we know how to relate them to the present In this brilliant and concise book internationally renowned historian TT shows that what remains relevant to us today of the th century debates is their spirit as expressed in a number of crucial principles and values It is by criticizing the Enlightenment that we remain faithful to it

The Poetics of Prose

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الخوف من البرابرة: ما وراء صدام الحضارات

The relationship between Western democracies and Islam rarely entirely comfortable has in recent years become increasingly tense A growing immigrant population and worries about cultural and political assimilation exacerbated by terrorist attacks in the United States Europe and around the world have provoked reams of commentary from all parts of the political spectrum a frustrating majority of it hyperbolic or even hysterical br br In i The Fear of Barbarians i the celebrated intellectual Tzvetan Todorov offers a corrective a reasoned and often highly personal analysis of the problem rooted in Enlightenment values yet open to the claims of cultural difference Drawing on history anthropology and politics and bringing to bear examples ranging from the murder of Theo van Gogh to the French ban on headscarves Todorov argues that the West must overcome its fear of Islam if it is to avoid betraying the values it claims to protect True freedom Todorov explains requires us to strike a delicate balance between protecting and imposing cultural values acknowledging the primacy of the law and yet strenuously protecting minority views that do not interfere with its aims Adding force to Todorov s arguments is his own experience as a native of communist Bulgaria his admiration of French civic identity and Western freedom is vigorous but non nativist an inclusive vision whose very flexibility is its core strength br br The record of a penetrating mind grappling with a complicated multifaceted problem i The Fear of Barbarians i is a powerful important book a call not to arms but to thought

Nous Et Les Autres: La Réflexion Française Sur La Diversité Humaine

Despues de hacer de Montaigne a Levi Strauss la critica del humanismo clasico el autor pasa revista a la historia del racismo y del nacionalismo y del surgimiento de lo exotico para finalmente hacer el elogio de un humanismo bien temperado y del triunfo de la estructuras sociales moderadas frente a las tiranicas

Introduction To Poetics, In Defence of the Enlightenment, The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre, Nous Et Les Autres: La Réflexion Française Sur La Diversité Humaine, Facing The Extreme: Moral Life in the Concentration Camps, La littérature en péril, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other, The Poetics of Prose, Mikhail Bakhtin: The Dialogical Principle, الخوف من البرابرة: ما وراء صدام الحضارات